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Table 3 Results from multivariate analyses: Background, clinical, and psychosocial factors and their associations with four different indicators of severity of myocardial infarction, (n = 147).

From: Behavior in a stressful situation, personality factors, and disease severity in patients with acute myocardial infarction: baseline findings from the prospective cohort study SECAMI (The Secondary Prevention and Compliance following Acute Myocardial Infarction-study)

Indicator of severity Factor OR1 95% C I2 p
Maximum troponin I-level; above median Behavior in the CWT and level of extraversion    
     Adaptive behavior and high level of extraversion   Reference  
     Adaptive behavior and low level of extraversion 1.88 0.60-5.90 0.283
     Maladaptive behavior and high level of extraversion 1.23 0.53-2.83 0.633
     Maladaptive behavior and low level of extraversion 2.97 1.08-8.20 0.043
  Formal education of < 9 years 0.48 0.21-1.08 0.08
  Immigrant 2.18 0.70-6.79 0.18
  Treatment for angina pectoris 0.52 0.17-1.62 0.26
  Previous revascularization4 0.63 0.15-2.72 0.54
Maximum creatine kinase-MB; above median Behavior in the CWT and level of extraversion    
     Adaptive behavior and high level of extraversion   Reference  
     Adaptive behavior and low level of extraversion 1.26 0.40-4.01 0.703
     Maladaptive behavior and high level of extraversion 1.10 0.46-2.61 0.833
     Maladaptive behavior and low level of extraversion 3.33 1.12-9.93 0.033
  Current smoking 2.36 1.14-4.88 0.02
  Previous revascularization4 0.19 0.04- < 1.00 0.05
  Formal education of < 9 years 0.50 0.21-1.15 0.10
  Immigrant 2.27 0.69-7.51 0.18
  Treatment for angina pectoris 0.71 0.22-2.33 0.58
Q-wave infarction Behavior in the CWT and level of extraversion    
     Adaptive behavior and high level of extraversion   Reference  
     Adaptive behavior and low level of extraversion 1.31 0.43-4.02 0.643
     Maladaptive behavior and high level of extraversion 0.73 0.31-1.75 0.483
     Maladaptive behavior and low level of extraversion 1.65 0.65-4.18 0.303
  History of MI 0.37 0.10-1.34 0.37
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 50% Behavior in the CWT and level of extraversion    
     Adaptive behavior and high level of extraversion   Reference  
     Adaptive behavior and low level of extraversion 1.15 0.35-3.80 0.823
     Maladaptive behavior and high level of extraversion 1.14 0.49-2.64 0.763
     Maladaptive behavior and low level of extraversion 1.06 0.39-2.91 0.913
  Female sex 2.28 < 1.00-5.21 < 0.05
  Moderate to severe level of depression (BDI ≥ 19) 4.56 0.89-23.26 0.07
  Presently not employed or professionally active 1.62 0.81-3.27 0.17
  History of MI 2.05 0.55-7.59 0.28
  Treatment for angina pectoris 1.45 0.48-4.39 0.51
  1. 1Odds Ratio
  2. 2Confidence Interval
  3. 3In comparison with the reference stratum
  4. 4PCI (Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) or CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft)