Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparisons between included persons and reference persons

From: Ultrasound screening for asymptomatic carotid stenosis in subjects with calcifications in the area of the carotid arteries on panoramic radiographs: a cross-sectional study

  Included persons
n (%)
Reference persons
n (%)
Significance*
Women 53 (45.3%) 56 (47.1%) p = 0.786
65-74 years 77 (65.8%) 79 (66.4%) p = 0.926
Indication - Regular dental† 94 (80.3%) 100 (84.0%) p = 0.458
Myocardial infarction 24 (20.5%) 7 (5.9%) p = 0.0009
Heart Failure 6 (5.1%) 3 (2.5%) p = 0.296
Current angina 17 (14.5%) 2 (1.7%) p = 0.0003
Symptomatic peripheral artery disease 4 (3.4%) 1 (0.8%) p = 0.169
Diabetes 32 (27.4%) 10 (8.4%) p = 0.00014
Hypertension 88 (75.2%) 54 (45.4%) p < 0.0001
Current smoking 21 (17.9%) 8 (6.7%) p = 0.009
Blood pressure medicine 85 (72.6%) 56 (47.1%) p < 0.0001
Lipid lowering medicine 61 (52.1%) 27 (22.7%) p < 0.0001
Platelet inhibiting or anticoagulant medicine 53 (45.3%) 34 (28.6%) p = 0.008
Any cardiovascular event 44 (37.6%) 12 (10.1%) p < 0.0001
Any cardiovascular risk factor 101 (86.3%) 78 (65.5%) p = 0.00019
All 117 119 -
  1. Differences in the rate of basic and cardiovascular subgroup findings between included persons with a calcification in the area of the carotid arteries and reference persons.
  2. *Chi-2-test
  3. † Regular dental - examinations performed in all practices using panorama, e.g. dental and implant treatment.