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Table 1 Gender-based distribution clinical background and vital signs of the study population

From: Peripheral artery disease assessed by ankle-brachial index in patients with established cardiovascular disease or at least one risk factor for atherothrombosis - CAREFUL Study: A national, multi-center, cross-sectional observational study

  Male
(n = 264)
Female
(n = 266)
Past history of coronary heart disease n(%)
Overall 88(33.3)* 60(22.6)
Stable angina pectoris 22(25.0) 23(38.3)
Unstable angina pectoris 7(8.0) 4(6.7)
Coronary bypass surgery 30(34.1) 13(21.7)
Percutaneous coronary intervention 25(28.4) 13(21.7)
Myocardial infarction 10(11.4) 13(21.7)
Past history of cerebrovascular disease
Overall 20(7.6) 19(7.1)
Transient ischemic attack 11(55.0) 14(73.7)
Ischemic stroke 7(35.0) 5(26.3)
Carotid angioplasty 2(10.0) 0(0.0)
Carotid endarterectomy 0(0.0) 0(0.0)
Risk factor profile
Smoking status   
   None 79(29.9)** 224(84.2)
   Former 130(49.2) 18(6.8)
   Active 55(20.8) 24(9.0)
Type II DM 140(53.0)* 175(65.8)
Hypertension 237(89.8) 233(87.6)
Dyslipidemia 165(62.5) 182(68.4)
Vital signs mean ± SD
Systolic blood pressure (mm/Hg) 141.4 ± 21.5 146.7 ± 21.5
Diastolic blood pressure (mm/Hg) 85.4 ± 12.1 87.4 ± 11.6
Pulse (beat/min) 80.5 ± 9.5 81.5 ± 10.0
Weight (kg) 81.8 ± 12.7 78.3 ± 14.7
Height (cm) 169.9 ± 6.6 158.3 ± 7.0
Waist circumference (cm) 101.5 ± 10.8 102.6 ± 11.8
  1. * p < 0.01 and ** p < 0.001; compared to female patients