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Table 2 Distribution of clinical, psychosocial, and personality background characteristics by time to arrival at hospital

From: The impact of personality factors on delay in seeking treatment of acute myocardial infarction

Time to hospital arrival in minutes Group 1
0-119
Group 2
120-360
Group 3
361-4320
p-value Adjusted*
n = 323 159 60 104   
Age (years) 57.7 ± 8.9 59.8 ± 7.6 58.6 ± 7.6 0.22 0.43
Men 76.7 71.7 69.2 0.17 0.22
Immigrant 18.2 16.7 16.3 0.68 0.92
Married 74.8 58.3 70.2 0.31 0.40
Education high (university) 13.8 18.3 8.7 0.28 0.29
Previous MI 15.1 13.3 15.4 0.94 0.95
STEMI 37.1 35.0 34.6 0.67 0.71
BMI ≥ 30 24.5 25.0 30.8 0.28 0.32
Current smoker 44.0 43.3 50.0 0.42 0.33
Beck Depression Inventory 7.8 ± 7.4 7.8 ± 6.1 9.5 ± 8.0 0.09 0.08
NEO Personality Inventory      
   neuroticism 16.9 ± 9.0 17.0 ± 9.5 18.3 ± 9.2 0.26 0.25
   extraversion 29.5 ± 6.8 29.2 ± 6.8 29.0 ± 6.6 0.60 0.62
   agreeableness 30.5 ± 5.5 30.2 ± 5.5 29.8 ± 5.3 0.37 0.25
   openness 27.7 ± 6.6 27.8 ± 6.9 26.8 ± 6.7 0.31 0.28
   conscientiousness 34.5 ± 6.2 34.9 ± 6.2 33.9 ± 6.3 0.43 0.29
Coping strategies      
   confrontive 12.6 8.3 8.7 0.29 0.30
   distancing 17.6 11.7 12.5 0.23 0.33
   self-controlling 11.3 15.0 14.4 0.44 0.51
   seeking social support 8.2 20.0 8.7 0.71 0.86
   accepting responsibility 9.4 8.3 9.6 0.98 0.93
   escape/avoidance 8.8 10.0 10.6 0.63 0.56
   systematic problem solving 17.6 10.0 16.3 0.69 0.79
   positive reappraisal 1.9 1.7 2.9 0.61 0.64
   no coping strategy 8.2 11.7 12.5 0.25 0.32
   altruism 4.4 3.3 3.8 0.80 0.78
   used more than one coping strategy 31.4 21.7 26.9 0.37 0.30
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation or proportions,%
  2. *p = trend over time, adjusted for age and sex
  3. STEMI = ST-elevation myocardial infarction
  4. NEO = Neuroticism/Extraversion/Openness