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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 1226 patients with heart failure and 1401 patients with a recent MI, respectively

From: Incidence of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with either Heart Failure or Acute Myocardial Infarction and Left Ventricular Dysfunction: A Cohort Study

  Baseline characteristics in
DIAMOND-heart failure
Baseline characteristics in DIAMOND-MI
  Sinus rhythm
(n = 1133)
New-onset AF
(n = 93)
p-value Sinus rhythm
(n = 1369)
New-onset AF
(n = 32)
p-value
Age (mean) 69 71 0.12 68 71 0.07
Male gender 809 (71%) 79 (85%) 0.005 1011 (74%) 25 (78%) 0.59
Smoker 411 (36%) 24 (26%) 0.04 613 (45%) 14 (44%) 0.90
BMI 25.5 26.2 0.16 25.7 24.6 0.11
Previous MI 612 (54%) 49 (53%) 0.81 492 (36%) 11 (34%) 0.86
Diabetes 219 (19%) 23 (25%) 0.21 168 (12%) 3 (9%) 0.62
Angina pectoris 546 (48%) 35 (38%) 0.05 633 (46%) 15 (47%) 0.94
History of IHD 785 (69%) 63 (68%) 0.76 785 (57%) 18 (56%) 0.90
Hypertension 159 (14%) 15 (16%) 0.47 229 (17%) 5 (16%) 0.87
WMI 0.86 0.85 0.45 1.04 1.03 0.60
LVEF 0.26 0.25 0.45 0.31 0.31 0.60
Cr CL 56.4 55.0 0.56 64.7 68.0 <0.0001
ACE inhibitor 858 (76%) 73 (78%) 0.54 771 (56%) 13 (41%) 0.08
Digoxin 118 (10%) 6 (6%) 0.22 505 (37%) 7 (22%) 0.08
History of AF 71 (6%) 43 (46%) <0.0001 23 (2%) 3 (9%) 0.001
  1. ACE, angiotensin converting enzyme; AF, atrial fibrillation; BMI, body mass index; Cr CL, creatinine clearance; HF, heart failure; IHD, ischemic heart disease; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; MI, myocardial infarction; WMI, wall motion index.