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Table 6 Study design and findings of studies evaluating the prevalence of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors and clinical manifestations of atherothrombosis in Greece

From: Self-reported prevalence of atherothrombosis in a general population sample of adults in Greece; A telephone survey

Risk factor or clinical manifestation of atherothrombosis Data collection period Study Age range of participants Study sample size Study design Method used for identifying disease/condition Prevalence Awareness Treated
Hypertension          
  2001-2002 ATTICA [11] >18 years 2,282 Observational study in province of Attica (random-multistage sampling method) Arterial blood pressure was measured 31% 13.4%  
  2004 A Nutrition and Health Survey in Greece [4] 18-74 years 5,003 Nationwide random-digit dialled telephone survey Self-reported hypertension 15.5%   
  1995-2000 EPIC [8] 20-86 years 26,913 Volunteers Arterial blood pressure was measured 44.7% 24.3% 20.0%
  2002-2004 HYPERTENSHELL [5] >17 years 11,540 Cross-sectional survey with 98 Health Centers across Greece Arterial blood pressure was measured 31.1% 18.7% 15.9%
  2004 Naoussa study [7] 15-74 years 1,937 Workers, technicians and clerks of factories of the city of Naoussa Arterial blood pressure was measured 30.5% 18.6% 11.8%
  1999 Didima study [18] >18 years 694 Cross-sectional survey in the rural population of Didima village Arterial blood pressure was measured 28.4% 17.0% 15.5%
  2003-2006 NHANES >20 years     33.3% 25.8% 22.6%
Diabetes Mellitus          
  2001-2002 ATTICA [16] >18 years 2,282 Observational study in province of Attica (random-multistage sampling method) Measured glucose levels 6.9%   
  2004 A Nutrition and Health Survey in Greece [4] 18-74 years 5,003 Nationwide random-digit dialled telephone survey Self-reported diabetes mellitus 6%   
  2002 MEDICAL EXPRESS 2002 [10] 20-94 2,805 Cross-sectional population based survey Self-reported diabetes mellitus 8.7%   
  2003-2004 The MetS-GREECE Multicenter Study [6] >18 9,669 Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of Greek adults Measured fasting glucose levels 10.0%   
Hypercholesterolemia          
  2001-2002 ATTICA [17] >18 years 2,282 Observational study in province of Attica (random-multistage sampling method) Measured cholesterol levels 37.7%   17%
  2004 A Nutrition and Health Survey in Greece [4] 18-74 years 5,003 Nationwide random-digit dialled telephone survey Self-reported 19.1%   
  2003-2004 The MetS-GREECE Multicenter Study [23] >18 4,153 Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of Greek adults Measured cholesterol and triglycerides levels 62%   
Myocardial infarction 2002 2006 Gikas et al. [14] ≥20 years 2,805 3,478 Cross-sectional study in Salamis Self-reported 4.1% 4.8%   
Coronary Artery Disease 2003-2004 The MetS-GREECE Multicenter Study [15] >18 4,153 Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of Greek adults Physical examination and personal medical history. 9.3%   
Stroke 2003-2004 The MetS-GREECE Multicenter Study [15] >18 4,153 Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of Greek adults Physical examination and personal medical history. 4.1%   
Peripheral Artery Disease 2003-2004 The MetS-GREECE Multicenter Study [15] >18 4,153 Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of Greek adults Physical examination and personal medical history. 2.3%